Paul Didn't Know
This time we're going to look at the Apostle Paul. He jump started Christianity. He, more than the other Apostles had the qualifications. None of the others was as well educated in the Law and Scripture. Even though the Apostles spent time and lived with Jesus for over 3 years, they weren't taught by him the way he taught Paul. Paul could interpret the Old Testament better, being better educated than the fishermen, like Peter and John. As I'll mention later, Paul was taught one on one by the resurrected Christ for three years before he started his great mission work.
Think about it. How could he preach effectively if he had all the wrong information? Paul didn't know. First, he had to be taught the true meaning behind Scripture.
Paulís total mission was to take the news of Godís coming kingdom to the ďlost sheep of the House of IsraelĒ. To accomplish this, Paul had two main tasks. He had to be able to back up the news with some authority and he had to go to that House of Israel with the news. Paulís authority was the Bible. He is the interpreter of the Old Testament.
The disciples chose Matthias to fill the spot left by Judas. They meant well, but ďgambledĒ for the choice. Matthias hardly got out of the gate as an Apostle. And by the strict definition of the word Apostle, he didn't qualify. True Apostles were chosen personally by Christ. So, God chose Saul to be the twelfth Apostle. Jesus met and chose him on the road to Damascus.
Itís very obvious that God chose Paul by his body of work. Close to 3000 miles of mission work. He wrote more books of the New Testament than all the other writers combined.
Out of all the direct quotes of Old Testament scriptures, including clear historical references, Paul uses the Old Testament more than four times as much as the other writers and twice as much as Jesus. Paulís clear quotes and historical references total 171. Of course, there will probably be at least twice that many allusions. I only counted up the times where is says, ďit is writtenĒ or the equivalent.
Paul traveled the farthest, wrote the most and connected his writing to the Old Testament more than any other writer of the New Testament. This has always been what God has done. Prophets and even evangelists donít have the same qualifications as teachers. They donít have to know all the ins and outs of the scripture, especially the prophets. Some five year old could be a prophet, having never read scripture.
But the teacher has to be able to connect all the dots. He has to have the true understanding of what God is communicating. That takes a lot of study. Just as God chose a highly educated, well positioned person like Luther to jump start the Reformation, he chose a highly educated, well positioned person in Paul to jump start Christianity. Itís axiomatic. Teachers have to have studied.
But Paulís value goes well beyond just interpreting the Bible. That interpretation had to get out to someone. One of Paulís major tasks was getting that word out to those who would get it out to the rest of the know world. Thatís why Paulís travels only took him to places where the Lost Tribes had migrated.
Here are just a few instances in which Paul needed instruction as to the real meaning. All thatís needed is to remember that before Paulís conversion he didnít hold any of these ideas. The Law was the way to salvation. None of the many things that typified Christ were recognized as such. None of the rituals, the Feast celebrations, such as Passover, were connected to the Messiah. Paul didnít know!
Isaiah 53óWhile the whole book of Isaiah deals with Jesus, the Lost Tribes and the interconnections between the two, weíll start with chapter 52. This chapter clearly is prophesying the Messiah. The Jews of Jesusí time were not ignorant of this. The usual treatment of the Messiah is found in 52. Itís exalted, but vague. Somebodyís coming and will do a lot of good stuff. But when we get into chapter 53, the picture narrows down to more specific terms.
The same person that ďshall be exalted and extolled, and be very highĒ in 52:13 is the same person who will suffer in the following descriptions. Thatís where the detail comes in. From 52:14 on we find a Messiah that would be so marred as to be unrecognizable. Heís despised and rejected, 53:3. He took on himself our sickness and infirmity, : 4. He was wounded and bruise,. : 5. Oppressed and afflicted, he ďopened not his mouth,Ē : 7. He was imprisoned and judged, : 8. And killed, : 9.
Is it at all possible that the main protagonist for the Jews, Saul, didnít have good knowledge concerning Jesus, his ministry, his teaching, his claims, his trial, his crucifixion and that the tomb was empty? Iím sure the Saul knew all this about Jesus. Then why didnít he, who knew the scriptures so well, recognize the many parallels between Jesusí life and what Isaiah wrote? Because, like so many of the Jewish religious establishment, his eyes hadnít been opened yet. That certainly wasnít the case with the common folk. They knew Jesus was the Messiah.
It took those three years of personal instruction by the resurrected Jesus to give Paul sight. And let me throw in here that I understand that not every minute of those years were spent talking to Jesus. There is evidence that Paul did some preaching while in Arabia. This may have some kind of rehearsal for his later missions. I donít know.
Many other prophets gave clues about the Messiah, even David. But of all the others, Isaiah is the book most dedicated to the Messiah message. Dr. Scott used to point out how God tried to communicate with the Jews concerning Jesus. When they uncovered those Dead Sea Scrolls, there was one complete, intact book of the Old Testament. Complete. That was Isaiah, the book of the Messiah.
In Jeremiah chapter 31 Paul didnít recognize that God had instituted His promise of a new way to relate to Him. Paul was still stuck in the old Way. He didnít see how Jeremiah 31 applied to him and all the other Jews. Starting in verse 28 Jeremiah says,
Jer 31:28 And it shall come to pass, that like as I have watched over them, (Israel) to pluck up, and to break down, and to throw down, and to destroy, and to afflict; so will I watch over them, to build, and to plant, saith the LORD. The Christian nations of the British Isles and NW Europe)
Jer 31:31 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:
Jer 31:32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers (10 C) in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they broke, although I was a husband unto them, saith the LORD:
Jer 31:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Jer 31:34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
The types of Christ:
Abe & Isaac: All scholars recognize that Abraham is a type of God, and Isaac is a type of Christ. Although the Bible doesnít include that the trip to Mt. Moriah took three days, that detail it filled in by the book of Jasher. ďJasher 23:41 And on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place at the distance which God had told him of.Ē
This is not the only time Mt. Moriah is used by God. Solomon built the Temple there. Everything about the Temple speaks of Christ.
The Perfect Servant; This is another set up that has God and Christ. The master is God and the servant is Christ. The master of the house was to free any bondservant after six years. If the servant brought his family with him in the beginning, he could take them with him. If the master had gotten him a wife and they had children, then the servant had to leave what the master had given him. If the servant didnít want to leave his family, he had the master bore his ear with an awl to the door or gatepost. The servant, by this, was agreeing to serve the master forever. God gives Christ the believers. They are called the Bride of Christ and Jesus says ďthe ones you have given meĒ when praying to God. And of course, the awl through the ear is the cross.
The Rock: Both the manna and the rock that gave out water are types of Christ. He is called the bread from heaven in one place. Also, he is the living water. Paul missed this type until Jesus enlightened him. Then, in 1Co 10:4 he comes right out and says, And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.
Boaz and Ruth: In this type, Boaz is Christ and Ruth is the Bride. Boaz redeems his cousinís widow, Ruth, by giving redemption money to another cousin, the rightful redeemer. This story shows another requirement of Jesus. He must be a kinsman; he must be kinned to those he ransoms. If one is to redeem another, he must be family. Jesus was family to the human race by being human. This is called the Kinsman Redeemer.
Passover Lamb: The Passover Lamb seems pretty obvious from our perspective, but I donít believe Iíve ever seen any biblical evidence that indicates that the Passover pointed to the Messiah. God didnít say anything like that. He told them to tell their children about their release and freedom from Egyptian bondage; that it was God that helped them get out. We now know that the first, and all subsequent Passover lambs were types of Christ, but Paul didnít. Then he was taught by Jesus and said in
1Co 5:7 ÖÖ For even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us:
I also donít think they connected Jesus to Davidís Psalms that depicted the Messiah as he was battered and torn and crucified.
Ten commandments: Although we can find connections to Christ in the Ten commandments, our focus is still on what Paul knew before and after Jesus taught him what God had been showing Israel in the Old Testament. Those commandments were more than Godís way of living. Those sacrifices were more than just temporary release from sins for a year. The sacrifices told and retold the message that there is no forgiveness of sin unless blood is spilt. That means that someone has to die. And I have never heard of anyone stopping himself or herself from dying. Itís humanly impossible to not die. But itís not godly impossible to keep someone alive forever, even if they do die. The message of the Ten Commandments turns out to be the same. It is said that if anyone keeps the whole law they will be saved. Sounds good until some deep investigation of our lives takes place. Thereís no humanly possible way to keep those Laws. That being the case, we are driven to the conclusion that it takes supernatural help to be saved from dying. That supernatural help comes from God when He supplied us with Jesus. Thatís why Paul changed his mind about the Law. He said in Gal 3:24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster (schoolmasters teach us things, right?) to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.
The 3-day references: There are many, many references to the time period of three days. A large majority of these verses typify the three days in the tomb or are obviously connected to Jesusí crucifixion. Here are only fourteen of them. Iíll try to be brief.
Gen 40:12 And Joseph said unto him, This is the interpretation of it: The three branches are three days. Joseph was interpreting the dreams of the kingís butler and baker. For the butler it meant resurrection, for the baker it meant death.
Gen 42:17 Later Joseph locks up his brothers when they come to Egypt looking for food. ďAnd he put them all together into ward three daysĒ. In the tomb.
Exo 10:22 And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven; and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days: In the tomb.
Exo 15:22 So Moses brought Israel from the Red sea, and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water.
Exo 15:23 And when they came to Marah,ÖÖÖÖ.and the LORD showed him a tree, which when he had cast into the waters, the waters were made sweet: After three days they were saved from death. Tree is a type of the cross.
Jos 1:11 Pass through the host, and command the people, saying, Prepare you victuals; for within three days ye shall pass over this Jordan, to go in to possess the land, which the LORD your God giveth you to possess it. Victory in three days.
Jos 2:16 this is Rahab talking to the spies that came to check out Jericho. ďAnd she said unto them, Get you to the mountain, lest the pursuers meet you; and hide yourselves there three days, until the pursuers be returned: and afterward may ye go your way. In the tomb.
Jdg 14:14 Hereís Samsonís riddle to some friends. And he said unto them, Out of the eater came forth meat, and out of the strong came forth sweetness. Try to picture this. They sat around trying to figure it out. Isnít a couple hours long enough? No. ďAnd they could not in three days expound the riddle. Samsonís friends were ďin the darkĒ for three days.
Est 4:16 Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which is not according to the law: and if I perish, I perish. ??????????
Jon 1:17 And hereís the most blatant of the three day analogies. Christ himself even said it was the only sign that theyíd have. ďNow the LORD had prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights. In the tomb. And resurrection after three days.
Mat 27:63 Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again
Luk 2:46 And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions. Please notice that Jesusí family didnít know he was missing for three days. Wouldnít they know that in just a few hours? Type of the resurrected Christ giving instruction.
Act 9:9 And he was three days without sight, and neither did eat nor drink. Paul was an example to himself. Paul was in the dark/tomb three days. Ananias could have come to the house after the first day Paul was there. Why wait three days? Because God was typing.
Paul wasnít much of a gardener, either. He missed both the ďseedĒ references and had to wait for Christ to tell him about them. He rectified that mistake when he told us in
Gal 3:16, Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many but as of one, And to thy, seed which is Christ.
Iím sure that he also found out that Godís first prophecy made to Eve in the Garden also applied to Jesus. God told Eve that her seed would bruise the head of Satan.
Before we go further, letís let Paul give us a brief summary of himself from Gal 1:13-2:2. A study of the time frame shows that there are three years missing in Paulís story. He indicates what was happening during that three years.
Gal 1:13 For ye have heard of my conversation in time past in the Jews' religion, how that beyond measure I persecuted the church of God, and wasted it:
Gal 1:14 And profited in the Jews' religion above many my equals in mine own nation, being more exceedingly zealous of the traditions of my fathers. (He was a high mucky-muck.)
Gal 1:15 But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother's womb, and called me by his grace,
Gal 1:16 To reveal(revelation) his Son in me, that I might preach him among the heathen; (thatís his mission that weíll get to in detail) immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood:
Gal 1:17 Neither went I up to Jerusalem to them which were apostles before me; but I went into Arabia, and returned again unto Damascus. (thatís very important. Weíll be tested when we read Lukeís account of this, because the way it reads, it sounds opposite. We have to remember that Paulís own account is the first source to use. He says he went to Arabia FIRST.)
And many other places he relates that Christ taught him personally. He didnít learn how the Old Testament pointed to Christ in that brief encounter with the Light on the road to Damascus.
Thereís more to this little section of history, but it really doesnít bear on our focus; that Paul was the Interpreter of the Old Testament. So letís go on with whom Paul was, his life details.
Acts 21:39 and 22:3 tells us that Paul was a Jew of Tarsus, born in Tarsus. Romans 11:1 fills in the interesting fact that Paul was of the tribe of Benjamin. Did you know that all the other disciples were out of Galilee? Thatís where Benjamin settled after the Babylonian captivity. The only disciple that was from the tribe of Judah was Judas. The Jews rejected Jesus, while the non-Jews embraced him. Donít be confused by the fact that those Benjamites up in Galilee called themselves Jews. Thatís because they were practicing Judaism or they lived in Judea. It wasnít an expression of their heritage.
Acts 5:34, 22:3 and 26:16 tell us that Paul studied with Gamaliel. He was a doctor of Law, of high reputation in the San Hedrin. The best teacher around.
There are many references to Saulís persecuting the early church. Acts tells of Saul standing at Stephenís clothes while Stephen was martyred. Some might say Saul was in charge. Regardless, he was at least consenting to the murder. Paul relates how he beat and imprisoned believers. He says he ďpersecuted and wastedĒ the church.
His conversion is a familiar story. This is mostly found in Acts, chapters 9, 22 and 26.
With the High Priestís letters, Paul goes toward Damascus. A light from heaven comes and all Paulís company fall down. A voice in Hebrew that all, or only Paul hear, but Paul sees Jesus, tells Paul to rise, go to Damascus, await instructions for his ďapostling to the far distant gentiles. Ananias restores Paulís sight, tells him personal stuff about Paulís history and what God has said about Paulís mission.
At this point, itís well to recognize that at this time, any people that werenít of the tribe of Judah could be classed as gentiles. Strongís definition of the word is ďa non-Jewish group.Ē This must be the case, because Paul only went to other Israelites and not other ethnic groups.
Weíve already mentioned Paulís study with the resurrected Christ in Arabia.
This is what Luke writes in Acts 9:17
And Ananias went his way, and entered into the house; and putting his hands on him said, Brother Saul, the Lord, even Jesus, that appeared unto thee in the way as thou camest, (thatís the personal history I mentioned above. Ananias had no way of knowing this) hath sent me, that thou mightest receive thy sight, and be filled with the Holy Ghost.
Act 9:18 And immediately there fell from his eyes as it had been scales: and he received sight forthwith, and arose, and was baptized.
Act 9:19 And when he had received meat, he was strengthened. Then was Saul certain days with the disciples which were at Damascus.
Now for that ďcontradictoryĒ remark.
Act 9:20 And straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God.
Maybe some deeper study of this issue would uncover something that would show that Luke was really saying that the preaching happened after some other event. I donít know. I do know that Paul says he went into Arabia first.
Mission: 1-interpret the Old Testament; 2-tell Lost Tribes, which included the Britain Royals to whom Paul wrote the book of Romans.
Man was not created for Christianity. Christianity is not the objective of God.
Weíve already talked a bit about Paulís mission. Jesus told him heíd go ďfar henceĒ to the Gentiles.Ē Seeing that we now know that he went to all the places where there were Israelites from the Lost Tribes, weíll understand that they were ďfar henceĒ from Judea. Paul finally made his way all the way to Britain, as outlined in the 29th Chapter of Acts.
Britain happened to be inhabited by to tribe of Ephraim, the main tribe of the House of Israel, the ten Lost Tribes.
And seeing that Jesus spent much time in Britain and that his great uncle, Joseph of Arimathea, brought many disciples to Glastonbury just four years after the crucifixion, Britain is confirmed as being peopled by the House of Israel. They may have been called gentiles, but they were Israelites.
Paul couldnít have gone elsewhere. Remember the time he wanted to go into Asia and the Holy Spirit wouldnít let him? Not that there werenít Israelites over east. There were. But the folks that God wanted to employ in evangelizing the world lay over west in the British Isles and northwest Europe; the traditionally Christian nations of the world.
Paul tells the people he wrote the Roman letter to that he would stop by on his way to Spain. While we donít have a Biblical account of this trip to Spain, itís clear that he was led and determined to go there. Couple that with the Sonnini manuscript discovered in 1795 and published in 1800, and we see that Paul went on from Spain into Britain. He preached on Lud hill. What more appropriate place to erect St. Paulís Cathedral?
The Sonnini manuscript is that 29th chapter of Acts mentioned above. It says that Paul heard that some of his countrymen lived in Britain. And Iím positive that Paul knew what was going on with Uncle Joeís missionary work over there. Paul would have to have known, because those folks he wrote to at Rome were not only the Silurian royal family of Britain, taken captive in the continuing war with Rome, but they were related to Paul.
This is the ruling family that gave Joseph of Arimathea the 12, 160 acre Glastonbury parcels of land tax free. Paul had ordained his fellow worker Aristobulus as the first Bishop of Britain.
R.W.Morgan wrote a very good book on the subject of Paul in Britain. Itís called ďDid the Apostle Paul Visit Britain.Ē Itís well documented and makes the many connections between Paul, that Royal family and even the Emperor Claudius. Claudius adopted the royal princess and changed her name to Claudia. She then married Paulís half-brother Rufus Pudens, a Roman Senator. Paulís mother had remarried to Aquilla, a Roman, and bore Rufus. That marriage made Paul an in-law of the Roman Emperor Claudius!
Each of us has a specific task in the Body of Christ. A task that no one else can accomplish. It was no different for the Apostles. They each had their particular jobs to do. Peter couldnít do Paulís job. Paul was the only apostle that could really make sense out of the Old Testament connections to the Messiah. Being steeped in the Law, he could see how the ďtreesĒ in the forest of Judaism all fit together and pointed to Christ.
So Paulís mission contains two main parts. He was to be able to interpret the Bible connecting it to Christ. Secondly, he was to get that knowledge to those who would need it to spread the word to the then known world.
Interpret and tell the Lost tribes..
This mission is an essential, but a small part of Godís overall objective for the earth and us. Man was not created for Christianity. Christianity is not the objective of God. Godís objective has always been to set up a Kingdom here on earth. Donít ask me why. I canít get into Godís mind and I donít know of anywhere in the Bible that tells of His reason. But Heís been doing it for 6000 years. In fact, He has done two creation processes already, and has prophesied that Heíll make yet another ďnew heaven and earth.Ē
Paul didnít know. But he found out.
I hope that's given you some insight into Paul. I really like to, again, put flesh and blood on this stuff. It makes is come a little more alive, a little more real. You know, you read something on the page and well, OK. But it doesn't build your faith. It doesn't make you know any more about God than you did before, and Monday morning, you just go about your business; and don't think about it anymore.
You know, no human being could put together all this stuff. It just too supernaturally fits together; history, over centuries. It's got to be God. And it just proves that God is real, keeps His word, does what He says He's going to do, even if it's 2500 years for it to come true.
This is Jack, goodbye.
I love mail.